Nonfiction

Read e-book online A New Dictionary of Eponyms PDF

By Morton S. Freeman

ISBN-10: 0195093542

ISBN-13: 9780195093544

Do you approve of censoring the works of serious writers? a few may well contend that to bowdlerize a good writer's paintings will be to decrease its total caliber. Others, like Thomas Bowdler, whose eraser danced over each Shakespeare play, might argue that each one modest humans may be capable of learn an outstanding paintings with out blushing. For attacking the classics, Mr. Bowdler has been immortalized because the world's best-known, self-appointed literary censor. and thanks to his efforts the time period bowdlerize has develop into eponymous together with his identify. on the other hand, the be aware bikini--defined as a two-piece bathing go well with for women--has been a linguistic secret considering that 1947 while those fits have been first visible at the shorelines of the French Riviera, a 12 months after the USA all started checking out atom bombs at the Bikini atoll of the Marshall Islands. a few stunned humans acknowledged that the effect of the scanty go well with on male seashore loungers used to be just like the devastating influence of the atomic bomb. Whoosh! a less complicated and extra credible suggestion is that the bold swimsuits resembled the apparel worn by means of girls at the Bikini atoll.
Created a few century in the past, the time period eponym is itself a coinage from Greek phrases, epi, "on" or "upon," and onama, "a name." yet its broadened that means, as dictionaries set it out, refers to a note derived from a formal identify. for example, Salisbury steak--a renowned diner menu merchandise made out of universal hamburger and dressed up with brown gravy to make it extra appealing--is named for James H. Salisbury, an English medical professional who promoted a vitamin of floor red meat.
A Dictionary of Eponyms explores the origins of 1000's of those daily phrases from Argyle socks to zeppelins. Written in an interesting and anecdotal variety, and with a foreword through Edwin Newman, the booklet features a short biography of the person whose identify turned linked to an merchandise or thought in addition to info on how and whilst the identify entered the language.
If you've ever puzzled simply the place phrases like cardigan sweater, pamphlet, and robot come from, Morton Freeman does greater than easily outline them--he brings them to existence.

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He became friendly with the Mexican vice-governor, married his daughter, and acquired Mexican land grants. He became a Mexican citizen. Bowie was known to be unethical; he did not hesitate to dupe Mexicans. Bowie became interested in the restrictions Mexico imposed on American migration. He became a colonel in the Texas Rangers and fought with distinction in several battles. He joined up with Colonel William B. Travis in his last gallant hurrah—the Alamo. Bowie has become a legend through Western song and folk tales.

From those oversized books, some weighing twenty pounds, young Braille learned to read. The books had been developed at the Institution and consisted of enlarged, raised Roman letters, which was the only touch-reading technology then in existence. About half the blind children who tried to learn this method found it too difficult. Braille was a distinguished student and, in 1829, became a professor at the Institution. 31 The army at the time used a system of communication based on touch rather than sight, a primitive form of "night writing" invented by Charles Barbier, a captain of artillery in the army.

He is credited with having invented the Bunsen burner, but other scientists helped in its design. Together with Gustave Kirchhoff, Bunsen also developed the spectroscope, which enables scientists to engage in spectrum analysis. Utilizing spectrum analysis, these men discovered the chemical elements cesium and rubidium. Bunsen in addition invented the calorimeter and the carbon-zinc electric cell, which is called a Bunsen cell. The Bunsen burner, from a design by Michael Faraday, has been the burner in science laboratories ever since its invention.

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A New Dictionary of Eponyms by Morton S. Freeman


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