Nonfiction

Get A Cubic Mile of Oil: Realities and Options for Averting the PDF

By Hewitt Crane, Edwin Kinderman, Ripudaman Malhotra

ISBN-10: 0195325540

ISBN-13: 9780195325546

One cubic mile of oil (CMO) corresponds very heavily to the world's present overall annual intake of crude oil. The world's overall annual strength intake - from all strength assets- is presently 3.0 CMO. through the center of this century the area will want among 6 and nine CMO of power in keeping with yr to supply for its electorate. sufficient power is required eliminate the scourge of poverty and supply nutrients, garments, and defend for the folks world wide, and extra might be wanted for measures to mitigate the capability results of weather switch equivalent to development dikes and desalinating water.

A Cubic Mile of Oil describes many of the strength assets and the way we use them, tasks their destiny contributions, and delineates what it should take to advance them to every year produce a CMO from every one of them. The requirement for extra strength sooner or later is so daunting that we are going to have to use all assets. We additionally learn how more advantageous potency and conservation measures can decrease destiny call for considerably, and aid distinguish techniques that make an important effect in place of simply making us suppose good.

Use of CMO removes a mess of devices like lots of coal, gallons of oil, and cubic toes of fuel; obviates the necessity for mind-numbing multipliers equivalent to billions, trillions, and quadrillions; and replaces them with an easy-to-understand volumetric unit. It conjures up a visceral reaction and permits specialists, coverage makers and most people alike to shape a psychological photo of the value of the problem we are facing. within the absence of an appreciation of the size of the matter, we danger squandering efforts and assets in pursuing innovations that may not meet tomorrow's worldwide strength wishes. We needs to make serious offerings, and a standard comprehensible language is key for a sustained significant conversation.

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Additional info for A Cubic Mile of Oil: Realities and Options for Averting the Looming Global Energy Crisis

Sample text

Agriculture brought with it a complete change in the way we lived. We settled down in one place and raised our food through an increasing expenditure of energy. We also became more susceptible to diseases caused by our own waste, for unlike in the past we were now living in close proximity with the waste and the pathogens that flourished in it. Also, material possessions became valued, which meant an even greater use of energy to acquire them. 1 1. D. Meadows, J. Randers, and D. Meadows. Limits to Growth, Chelsea Green, New York, 1972.

By 2000, nuclear power supplied almost as much energy as hydropower. • The rapid gain in share by nuclear power demonstrates what can be done in a hurry when intense resolve is present. However, nuclear growth almost ceased in the 1990s and is only slowly being revived, primarily in China and India, which are experiencing rapid population and economic growth. • Since the early 1970s, oil’s share of commercial energy use has been dropping as the shares of natural gas and nuclear power have increased, with total oil production and consumption still increasing.

In the mid-19th century Britain’s Royal Navy dominated the world’s seas, and its ships were all powered by coal mined locally in Great Britain. However, as early as 1882 Lord John Fisher sought to switch the ships’ fuel to oil. Pound for pound, oil has a higher energy content than does coal, and it afforded the ships a longer range and reduced the frequency with which they had to return to port for refueling. Furthermore, because oil could be pumped into the boiler, it would free up men from the arduous task of shoveling coal (from the bunker bays to the furnace), and they could be deployed as gunners.

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A Cubic Mile of Oil: Realities and Options for Averting the Looming Global Energy Crisis by Hewitt Crane, Edwin Kinderman, Ripudaman Malhotra


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