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Download e-book for kindle: A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories) by Stuart Macintyre

By Stuart Macintyre

ISBN-10: 0521735939

ISBN-13: 9780521735933

Australia is the final continent to be settled through Europeans, however it additionally sustains a humans and a tradition tens of hundreds of thousands years outdated. for a lot of the previous 2 hundred years the rookies have sought to interchange the previous with the recent. This publication tells how they imposed themselves at the land, and taken know-how, associations and concepts to make it their very own. It relates the development from penal colony to a filthy rich unfastened state and illustrates how, as a kingdom created through waves of newbies, the hunt for binding traditions used to be lengthy annoyed by means of the sensation of rootlessness, until eventually it got here to phrases with its origins. The 3rd variation of this acclaimed publication recounts the major components - social, financial and political - that experience formed modern day Australia. It covers the increase and fall of the Howard govt, the 2007 election and the apology to the stolen new release. greater than ever earlier than, Australians draw at the previous to appreciate their destiny.

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Extra resources for A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories)

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Such transactions occurred across a gulf of language and percep­ tion that was painfully apparent when those on one side seized the possessions or violated the customs of those on the other. European firearms and European disease gave the invaders a lethal advantage, and the 3 000 or so inhabitants of the land around Port Jackson came to shun the huddle of buildings on Sydney Cove as well as the foraging parties that spread out from them. 'Our intercourse with them was neither frequent nor cordial', wrote an officer of the marines.

Upon his arrival in Sydney the new governor quickly antagonised the regimental officers with his high-handed manner and reissued an order that forbade the barter of spirits for food or wages. This trade had begun in 1 79 2 when a group of officers headed by John Macarthur bought a consignment of rum. It was commonly used as a means of payment and often blamed for ruining emancipist farmers. Governors Hunter and King had tried to curb the trade in spirits; and King had sent back to London one of its instigators, Macarthur, for wounding a superior officer in a duel.

Once the newcomers adapted to the scorch­ ing summer heat - the temperature reached 44 degrees centigrade in December 1 78 8 - the climate was benign. Bodies and minds attuned to higher latitudes, hard winters and damp, green fecundity were coming to terms with the heady smells of hot, dry scrub and the sparse canopy that filtered a dazzling brightness. The commanding officer of the New South Wales regiment that was sent in 1 79 2 dis­ covered 'to my great astonishment, instead of the rock I expected to see, I find myself surrounded with gardens that flourish and produce fruit of every description'.

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A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories) by Stuart Macintyre

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