Download e-book for kindle: 1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy by Gavin Menzies

By Gavin Menzies

ISBN-10: 0061492183

ISBN-13: 9780061492181

The brilliance of the Renaissance laid the basis of the trendy international. Textbooks let us know that it took place because of a rediscovery of the tips and beliefs of classical Greece and Rome. yet now bestselling historian Gavin Menzies makes the startling argument that during the 12 months 1434, China—then the world's such a lot technologically complicated civilization—provided the spark that set the ecu Renaissance ablaze. From that date onward, Europeans embraced chinese language rules, discoveries, and innovations, all of which shape the foundation of Western civilization this present day.

The New York Times bestselling writer of 1421 combines a long-overdue old reexamination with the buzz of an investigative event, bringing the reader aboard the outstanding chinese language fleet because it sails from China to Cairo and Florence, after which again the world over. Erudite and brilliantly reasoned, 1434 will switch the way in which we see ourselves, our heritage, and our global.

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Additional info for 1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance

Sample text

60 numeris Chapter II  consonances are placed in their proper and natural range, such as thirds in the high range. Consequently, thirds in the low range produce a sad, unpleasant, and grumbling sound [concentum]. In the same manner, octaves in the high range result in a gaping sound [harmoniam]. This diagram shows the location of the consonances and the natural series in inversion [fig.  And second, some are of the opinion that fourths are perfect consonances, but that [] two of them in succession—not to mention more—or even two imperfect consonances, can be noisome.

These pieces were prized by others so highly that they were not only frequently performed publicly in the principal churches in Rome, but also gave many excellent, gifted people incentive to imitate them. ” Latin compositions and motets set for more than four voices, namely with five, six, seven, and eight parts, are ordinarily entitled sacras cantiones, sacros concentus, and motets. However, I find that they interpret the words concert, cantiones, concentus, and motets to mean one and the same thing for sacred Latin compositions.

Has vel hæc C™ instead of vel C™. Has diminuunt ø instead of C. The mensuration sign of the second staff is c instead of C. 4 The mensuration sign of the 3rd system of the lower example is c instead of C. The mensuration sign of the bottom staff is c. The 4th staff has no meter indication at all instead of 6/2. Both numbers in middle bracket are 6/1 instead of the lower one being 6/2. Uses the less common IIX instead of VIII; also missing the Latin phrase at the end. ” are omitted at the end of Chapter VIII.

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1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance by Gavin Menzies

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